问:已经破产的员工面临无理解雇,他能否通过工业法庭索偿?

  1. 在1967年破产法令38(1)(a)条文下,在没有破产局总监的批准情况下,破产人无权在法庭展开任何诉讼(除非有关诉讼是针对因个人身体伤害所造成的损害)。相信这条文是为了确保败诉的一方,有足够的钱财来赔偿另一人的诉讼费。
  2. 但这是否代表,即使破产者面临被公司的无理解雇的情况下,他们也无法在工业法庭提出诉讼呢?
  3. Akira Sales & Services (M) Sdn Bhd v Nadiah Zee binti Abdullah and another appeal [2018] MLJU 50的案例显示,即使在没有破产局总监的批准下,破产者依然能够针对无理解雇的事项在工业法庭提出诉讼的要求。这是因为1967年破产法令38(1)(a)的条文并不适合用于劳工纠纷事项
  4.  即使是较早前的案例如Best Engineering Services & Trading v Beh Sun Sun [2004] 3 ILR 444Cisco (M) Sdn Bhd v K Supramaniam  [2002] 1 ILR 881的案例中,法庭也是表示凡是在1967工业关系法令20(3)条文下于工业法庭展开的诉讼,即使没有获得破产局总监的批准,破产者也是能针对无理解雇做出诉讼的申请。

Insolvency Act 1967

Duties and disabilities of bankrupt
38. (1) Where a bankrupt has not obtained his discharge—
(a) the bankrupt shall be incompetent to maintain any action (other than an action for damages in respect of an     injury to his person) without the previous sanction of the Director General of Insolvency;

Industrial Relations Act 1967

20. Representations on dismissals

(3)Upon receiving the notification of the Director General under subsection (2), the Minister may, if he thinks fit, refer the representations to the Court for an award.

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破产的员工被无理解雇,能通过工业法庭索偿吗?